Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee Replacement Surgery
Hospitals Fortis Hospital, Noida
Jaypee Hospital, Noida
Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon
Max Super Speciality Hospital, Patparganj
Duration 5-7 days
Starting Cost $4300
Success Rate 80-90%
Best Doctors Dr. Atul Mishra
Dr. Ashok Rajgopal
Dr. Sumit Bhushan
Dr. Anil Arora
Dr. Puneet Mishra

Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure performed to replace a damaged or deteriorated knee joint with an artificial joint, called a prosthesis. This procedure is typically recommended for individuals with severe knee pain, reduced mobility, and impaired knee function due to conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or injury. Here's an overview of the treatment process for knee replacement surgery:

Preoperative Assessment

Patient Evaluation: Before the surgery, the patient undergoes a comprehensive evaluation, which includes a medical history review, physical examination, and imaging tests (such as X-rays or MRI) to assess the extent of joint damage.

Surgical Planning: The orthopedic surgeon works with the patient to determine the most suitable type of knee prosthesis (implant), taking into account factors like age, activity level, and the severity of joint damage.

Surgery

Anesthesia: Knee replacement surgery is performed under either general anesthesia (where the patient is asleep) or spinal anesthesia (where the lower body is numb).

Incision: The surgeon makes an incision over the knee joint to access the damaged joint surfaces.

Bone Reshaping: The damaged portions of the thigh bone (femur) and shinbone (tibia) are carefully removed, and the remaining bone is prepared to fit the prosthetic components.

Implant Placement: The artificial knee components, including the femoral component, tibial component, and sometimes the patellar component (knee cap), are secured in place using specialized bone cement or in some cases, press-fit without cement.

Wound Closure: After ensuring proper placement and alignment of the components, the incision is closed with sutures or staples.

Postoperative Care

Hospital Stay: Most patients stay in the hospital for a few days to recover and receive postoperative care.

Physical Therapy: Rehabilitation plays a crucial role in the recovery process. Physical therapists work with the patient to help restore knee function, improve mobility, and build strength. Patients typically start walking with the help of crutches or a walker shortly after surgery.

Pain Management: Medications are prescribed to manage pain and reduce inflammation during the recovery period.

Recovery and Rehabilitation

Home Exercise Program: Patients are given a personalized home exercise program to continue strengthening the knee and improving range of motion.

Follow-Up Appointments: Follow-up appointments with the orthopedic surgeon are scheduled to monitor progress and address any concerns.

Lifestyle Adjustments: After recovery, individuals can usually return to a more active lifestyle, but high-impact activities may need to be avoided to extend the lifespan of the artificial joint.

Regular Check-Ups: Periodic follow-up appointments with the surgeon are important to monitor the condition of the knee replacement and address any issues that may arise over time.

Knee replacement surgery is highly successful in relieving pain and restoring function to the knee joint, allowing patients to lead more active and comfortable lives. However, it's important to note that the artificial joint has a limited lifespan and may require replacement after a certain number of years, depending on factors like the type of implant used and the patient's activity level.

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