Kidney Transplant

Kidney Transplant
Hospitals Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
Jaypee Hospital, Noida
Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi
Duration 10-15 days
Starting Cost $13500
Success Rate 85-90%
Best Doctors Dr. Sandeep Guleria
Dr. Amit K Devra
Dr. Salil Jain
Dr. Anant Kumar
Dr. Ajit Singh Narula

A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure performed to replace a damaged or failed kidney with a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor. This treatment is commonly used for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or other severe kidney conditions. Here is an overview of the kidney transplant treatment process:

Patient Evaluation: Before a kidney transplant, the patient undergoes a thorough evaluation to assess their overall health and suitability for the procedure. This evaluation includes blood tests, urine tests, imaging scans, and other medical assessments.

Donor Selection

There are two types of kidney donors.

Living Donor: A living donor can be a family member, friend, or even a stranger willing to donate one of their kidneys. Living donor transplants are preferred because they typically result in better outcomes and shorter waiting times.

Deceased Donor: Deceased donor kidneys are obtained from individuals who have consented to organ donation upon their death. These kidneys are procured through organ procurement organizations (OPOs).

Matching: Blood and tissue compatibility between the donor and recipient are assessed to minimize the risk of rejection. A close match improves the chances of a successful transplant.

Surgical Procedure: The kidney transplant surgery is performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon places the healthy kidney into the recipient's lower abdomen, usually on one side. The donor kidney's blood vessels are connected to the recipient's blood vessels, and the ureter (the tube that carries urine) is attached to the recipient's bladder.

Recovery: After the surgery, the patient is closely monitored in the hospital for several days to ensure the transplanted kidney functions properly and there are no complications. Immunosuppressive medications, also known as anti-rejection drugs, are prescribed to prevent the recipient's immune system from attacking the new kidney.

Postoperative Care: Patients need to take immunosuppressive medications for the rest of their lives to prevent rejection. They also require regular medical check-ups and blood tests to monitor kidney function and medication levels.

Lifestyle Changes: Patients must make certain lifestyle adjustments, including adhering to a strict medication regimen, maintaining a healthy diet, staying hydrated, and avoiding activities that may increase the risk of infection or injury.

Kidney transplantation is considered the most effective treatment for end-stage renal disease, as it can significantly improve the recipient's quality of life and increase life expectancy. However, it is a complex procedure that requires lifelong management and commitment to post-transplant care and medication. The success of a kidney transplant greatly depends on factors such as donor-recipient compatibility, the surgical team's expertise, and the recipient's adherence to medical guidelines.

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