Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip Replacement Surgery
Hospitals Fortis Hospital, Noida
Jaypee Hospital, Noida
Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon
Max Super Speciality, Patparganj
Duration 7 days
Starting Cost $4500
Success Rate 95%
Best Doctors Dr. Atul Mishra
Dr. Ashok Rajgopal
Dr. Sumit Bhushan
Dr. Anil Arora
Dr. Puneet Mishra

Hip replacement surgery, also known as hip arthroplasty, is a medical procedure used to replace a damaged or worn-out hip joint with an artificial joint, called a prosthesis. This procedure is commonly performed to relieve pain and improve the function of the hip joint, often due to conditions like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, avascular necrosis, hip fractures, or other hip disorders. Here is an overview of the treatment process:

Preoperative Evaluation: Before the surgery, the patient undergoes a thorough evaluation by the orthopedic surgeon. This includes a physical examination, medical history review, and often imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI scans to assess the extent of hip joint damage.

Choosing the Prosthesis: The surgeon and patient discuss the type of prosthesis to be used. There are various options, including metal-on-plastic, ceramic-on-plastic, or metal-on-metal implants. The choice depends on factors like the patient's age, activity level, and the surgeon's recommendation.

Anesthesia: The surgery is performed under either general anesthesia, where the patient is unconscious, or regional anesthesia, such as spinal or epidural anesthesia, which numbs the lower half of the body but allows the patient to remain awake.

Surgical Procedure: During the surgery, the damaged or diseased parts of the hip joint (the ball-shaped head of the femur and the socket in the pelvis) are removed. The artificial hip prosthesis, consisting of a metal stem, a ball component, and an artificial socket, is then implanted. The prosthesis may be cemented into place or press-fit, depending on the specific case.

Recovery and Rehabilitation: After the surgery, patients typically stay in the hospital for a few days to monitor their recovery. Physical therapy and rehabilitation exercises begin soon after surgery to help patients regain strength, mobility, and range of motion in the hip joint.

Pain Management: Pain relief is an essential part of recovery. Patients are given pain medications as needed to manage postoperative pain.

Postoperative Care: The surgical wound must be kept clean and monitored for signs of infection. Patients are also educated on hip precautions to avoid dislocation of the new joint.

Follow-Up: Patients have follow-up appointments with their surgeon to assess progress and address any concerns. X-rays may be taken to ensure the hip replacement is functioning properly.

Lifestyle Adjustments: Patients are usually advised to avoid certain activities, like high-impact sports, that could stress the artificial joint. However, they can typically return to most daily activities, including walking and low-impact exercises.

Hip replacement surgery has a high success rate in relieving pain and improving mobility for patients with hip joint problems. However, it's essential for patients to follow their surgeon's recommendations for postoperative care and long-term maintenance to ensure the continued functionality of the artificial joint.

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