Hospitals Fortis Hospital, Noida
Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
Max Super Speciality, Patparganj
Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
Jaypee Hospital, Noida
Duration 3-6 months
Starting Cost $600-8000
Success Rate 80%
Best Doctors Dr. Rahul Gupta
Dr. Jalaj Baxi
Dr. Ruquaya Mir
Dr. Mudhasir Ahmad
Dr. Sanjeev Dua
Dr. Ashish Goel

Chemotherapy is a medical treatment that uses powerful drugs to kill or slow the growth of cancer cells. It is one of the primary treatment options for cancer and can be used alone or in combination with other therapies like surgery, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or targeted therapy, depending on the type and stage of cancer.

Here's how chemotherapy works and what it involves:

Cancer Cell Targeting: Chemotherapy drugs are designed to target and damage rapidly dividing cells, which includes cancer cells. These drugs can interfere with various stages of the cell cycle, preventing cancer cells from growing and dividing.

Systemic Treatment: Unlike some cancer treatments that target a specific tumor or area of the body, chemotherapy is a systemic treatment. It means that the drugs circulate throughout the body via the bloodstream, reaching cancer cells that may have spread to different parts of the body.

Types of Chemotherapy: There are many different chemotherapy drugs, and they can be administered in various ways, including oral pills, injections, or infusion into a vein (intravenous chemotherapy). The choice of drugs and administration method depends on the type of cancer and the patient's overall health.

Treatment Schedule: Chemotherapy is typically given in cycles, with each cycle consisting of a period of treatment followed by a rest period. This allows the body to recover from the side effects and gives the patient's immune system time to rebound.

Combination Therapy: In many cases, a combination of chemotherapy drugs may be used to increase effectiveness or reduce the risk of resistance. The specific drug regimen is tailored to the individual patient's cancer.

Side Effects: While chemotherapy can be highly effective against cancer, it can also affect normal, healthy cells that divide rapidly, such as those in the bone marrow, hair follicles, and the lining of the digestive tract. As a result, chemotherapy can lead to side effects like fatigue, hair loss, nausea, vomiting, anemia, and an increased risk of infection. However, these side effects are usually temporary and can be managed.

Monitoring and Adjustments: Throughout the course of chemotherapy, patients are closely monitored to assess how well the treatment is working and to manage any side effects. The treatment plan may be adjusted based on the individual's response.

Chemotherapy is used to treat a wide range of cancers, including leukemia, lymphoma, breast cancer, lung cancer, and many others. The specific chemotherapy regimen and duration vary depending on the type and stage of cancer, as well as the patient's overall health and treatment goals.

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