Hospitals Fortis Hospital, Noida
Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi
Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon
Duration 3-5 days
Starting Cost $4500
Success Rate 95%
Best Doctors Dr. Naresh Trehan
Dr. Ajay Kaul
Dr. Vaibhav Mishra
Dr. Z S Meharwal

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is a surgical procedure used to treat coronary artery disease (CAD), a condition in which the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle become narrow or blocked, typically due to a buildup of fatty deposits (atherosclerosis). CABG is commonly referred to as "heart bypass surgery."

Here's how CABG works and what it treats:

Blood Vessel Blockage: CAD can restrict the blood flow to the heart, leading to symptoms like chest pain (angina) or increasing the risk of a heart attack. CABG is performed to restore proper blood flow to the heart muscle.

Creating Bypasses: During the procedure, a cardiothoracic surgeon takes a healthy blood vessel, often from the patient's leg (saphenous vein) or chest (internal mammary artery), and grafts it onto the coronary arteries. This creates a "bypass" or detour around the blocked or narrowed segments.

Restoring Blood Flow: By creating these bypasses, CABG allows blood to flow freely to the heart muscle, bypassing the blocked or narrowed areas. This can relieve chest pain and reduce the risk of a heart attack.

Types of CABG

On-Pump CABG: The heart is temporarily stopped, and a heart-lung machine takes over the function of pumping blood and oxygen throughout the body.

Off-Pump CABG: The heart continues to beat during the procedure, and the surgeon uses specialized tools to stabilize the area being operated on.

CABG can treat multiple blockages in the coronary arteries, improving overall blood flow to the heart. It is typically recommended when medication and lifestyle changes are not sufficient to manage CAD, and the patient's quality of life is significantly affected by angina or other symptoms. In some cases, CABG may be performed as an emergency procedure during a heart attack.

The goal of CABG is to relieve symptoms, improve the patient's quality of life, and reduce the risk of a heart attack. While CABG can improve blood flow to the heart, it does not cure coronary artery disease. Lifestyle changes, medications, and ongoing medical management are often necessary to maintain heart health after the procedure.

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